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While District Value-Added reports provide reliable measures of average student growth for the group of students served, the District Diagnostic reports offer important information about the growth of groups of students at different achievement levels. These reports can help you reflect on how your instructional programs are supporting the academic growth of all students.

Expected Performance Level Groups

In this report, students are placed into groups based on where their expected scores fall relative to the ranges set by the state for each performance level in the selected grade and subject or course. This method of placing students is used for all assessments, regardless of whether the data is analyzed with the gain model or the predictive model. A student must have three prior scores for a expected score to be generated. For students who have fewer than three prior scores, no expected score is generated, and the students are not included in this report.

To view the list of students in a group, click the value in the Growth row of the table or in the row. From the lists, you can click a student's name to view the student's testing history. If your account permissions do not include access to student data, you cannot view the lists of students or their individual testing history reports.

For information on how students are placed into and excluded from achievement groups, see Technical Details.


A simple growth measure is created for each expected performance level group. These values indicate the amount of academic growth students in the group made, on average, in the selected grade and subject or course. Use caution when interpreting these growth measures; the values in this report are not the result of the statistically rigorous analyses that generate growth measures for the value-added reports. For assessments analyzed with the gain model, the growth measure is the difference between the group's average score in this subject in the most recent year and the group's average score in the subject the previous year. For assessments analyzed with the predictive model, the growth measure is the difference between the group's average score on the assessment and their average expected score.

In addition to the growth measures for the most recent year, the report includes the average growth of students in the district for up to three previous years, when available. Note that these growth measures represent three prior cohorts of students, not the previous growth of the most recent year's students.

If an expected performance level group has fewer than eight students students, no growth measure will be calculated, and no bar will appear for that group in the graph. For more information about the growth measures in the diagnostic reports, see Technical Details.

Expected Growth

Expected Growth represents the point at which the students' scores, on average, align with expectations.

Expected Growth signifies the minimum amount of academic growth that educators should expect a group of students to make in a subject and grade or course. In general, this signifies appropriate, expected academic growth. Simply put, the expectation is that regardless of their entering achievement level, students served by each district, school, or teacher should at least make enough progress to maintain their achievement level relative to their peers. This is a reasonable target for educators who serve all types of students. Expected Growth is represented by a horizontal green line in the graph.

Standard Error

All growth measures on the TVAAS reports are estimates. All estimates have some amount of measurement error, which is known as the standard error. This value defines a confidence band around the growth measure, which describes how strong the evidence is that the group of students exceeded, met, or fell short of expected growth.

For more information about standard errors, see Growth Measures and Standard Errors.

In this report, the standard error is represented by black whiskers on each bar in the graph. The solid lines of each whisker mark one standard error on either side of the growth measure, and the dotted lines mark two standard errors. For information about interpreting the charts, see Interpreting the Data.

Student Count

These rows list the number of assessments in each group.

For more information, see Technical Details.

Percentage of Students

These values represent the percentage of the school's students who were in each expected performance level group for the selected grade and subject or course.

Viewing Bar Chart or Pie Chart

The bar chart is displayed by default. To change the chart from vertical to horizontal, choose from the Chart Orientation drop-down menu below the chart. To view the pie chart, choose from the menu below the chart.

The size of each pie slice represents the percentage of students who were in each of the expected performance level groups.

Color Coding

The slices of the chart are color-coded to indicate whether the data suggests that students in each expected performance level group exceeded, met, or fell short of expected growth. You'll find a legend for the color coding at the bottom of the report.

For information about interpreting the charts, see Interpreting the Data.

Diagnostic Color

Growth Measure Compared to Expected Growth


Light Blue

At least one standard error above

Moderate evidence that the students made more growth than expected.

Light Green

Between one standard error above and one standard error below

Evidence that the students made growth as expected.

Light Red

More than one standard error below

Moderate evidence that the students made less growth than expected.



Not enough students to generate a growth measure.

Filtering by Student Group

To filter the list of students included in the report, click above the graph. In the Student Groups window, you can choose any combination of race, gender, and demographic groups.

If you choose more than one group within a category, the report includes students who are in either group. For example, if you choose Black or African American and Hispanic, the report includes both Black/African American students and Hispanic students.

If you choose multiple groups across categories, the report includes only students who are in the selected groups in all categories. For example, if you choose Male and Students with Disabilities, the report includes only males who are identified as students with disabilities.

When you are finished making selections, click Submit. The report includes only those groups of students you selected.